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Sealed lead-acid battery charging how to be correct

    The correct charging method for sealed lead-acid batteries is critical to maintaining battery performance and service life. First of all, charging should be done with a charger that matches the battery to avoid damage to the battery caused by using an inappropriate charger. Secondly, it is more appropriate to start charging when about 20% of the battery power is left, neither over-discharging nor wasting power. In the charging process, attention should be paid to controlling the charging time, generally speaking, charging 8 to 10 hours is more appropriate, to avoid overcharging resulting in battery damage. When the battery is full, it can be float-charged for another 30 to 60 minutes, and then remove the power supply in time.

    Sealed lead-acid batteries are widely used in many fields, such as uninterruptible power supply (UPS), electric vehicles, emergency lighting, and various types of portable equipment because of their low cost, simple maintenance, and extensive use. However, to ensure that sealed lead-acid batteries can play the best performance and extend their service life, the correct charging method is essential. The following article will detail how to properly charge, including the basic knowledge of sealed lead-acid batteries, charging steps and precautions.


Basic knowledge of sealed lead-acid batteries

  Before we delve into the charging method of sealed lead-acid batteries, we need to understand the basic knowledge of sealed lead-acid batteries first. Sealed lead-acid batteries are a type of valve-regulated lead-acid battery (VRLA), whose features include no maintenance, no leakage of electrolyte and high vibration resistance. Sealed lead-acid batteries generate electrical energy through redox reactions inside the battery. During the charging process, lead and lead dioxide inside the battery undergo repeated reduction and oxidation reactions in a sulfuric acid solution to accomplish energy storage and release.

Correct Charging Methods Explained

In order to ensure that the battery works safely and efficiently, you need to followthe following steps when charging:

     nbsp; Understand the charging parameters

          Before you start charging, you should consult the manual of the sealed lead-acid battery to make sure that you understand the parameters such as the nominal voltage, the standard charging current, and the charging cut-off voltage. Usually the nominal voltage of lead-acid battery is 2V, 6V or 12V, and the charging current should not exceed 0.3C of the battery capacity, C represents the rated capacity of the battery (Ah). For example, a 12V/100Ah battery should have a standard charging current of 30A or less.

    Selecting the right charger

         Selecting a charger that matches the battery is very important. The output voltage and current of the charger should be suitable for the parameters of the battery being charged. Modern intelligent chargers can automatically adjust the charging current and voltage according to the state of the battery, which can effectively protect the life of the battery.

    Connecting the charger

         Make sure that the polarity of the sealed lead-acid batteries is connected correctly before charging. Connect the positive terminal of the charger to the positive terminal of the battery and the negative terminal to the negative terminal. Incorrect polarity connection may cause battery damage or even safety accidents.

    Implement charging

           Select the appropriate charging mode according to the battery's state. Usually there are two modes: float charging and equalizing charging. Float charging means charging the battery for a long time under low current to compensate for self-discharge, applicable to long-term standby use of the battery; equalizing charging is charging under higher current and voltage, applicable to deep discharge after the battery.

    Monitor the charging process

         During the charging process, the temperature and voltage of the battery should be monitored to ensure that it does not exceed the battery manufacturer's recommended maximum values. Overheating or excessive voltage can harm the battery.

    Disposal after charging is complete

          When the battery reaches the specified cut-off voltage or the charging time reaches the preset length of time, the Charging should be stopped. If the battery heats up, wait until it cools down to room temperature before using or storing it.

Charging precautions

    When charging sealed lead-acid batteries, you also need to pay attention to the following:

  When charging sealed lead-acid batteries, you also need to

{{60 61}}    Avoid overcharging and overdischarging

         A long period of time of overcharging will lead to the excessive decomposition of the internal moisture in the sealed lead-acid batteries, resulting in the decline of battery capacity, the Even swelling and leakage. Similarly, over-discharge will also damage the active material of the battery and shorten the battery life. Therefore, controlling the degree of charging and discharging is very critical to the health of the battery. Even charging, in order to avoid the battery voltage imbalance between different monomers, to maintain the capacity of the battery monomers balanced.

    Keep the environment suitable

            Charge the environment should be dry and well ventilated. High temperatures or humid environments are detrimental to the health of the battery and may result in shorter battery life. You also need to avoid exposing the battery to direct sunlight.

     Regular inspection and maintenance

           Even sealed lead-acid batteries need to be regularly inspected for their appearance, voltage, current and other parameters to ensure that the battery is in good working condition. Through these regular checks, problems can be detected and measures taken in time.

    Attention to safety

       In charging should follow the basic safety guidelines to avoid sparks or short circuits, and pay attention to the protection of the eyes and skin to ensure that in the personal safety during charging.

      For the sealing lead-acid battery charging process, the charging environment is also need to pay attention to, should be in the cool and ventilated place for charging, to avoid high temperature confinement or overly humid environment, in order to prevent damage to the battery. Following these correct charging methods can ensure the normal operation of sealed lead-acid batteries and extend their service life. Therefore, correct charging is the key to guarantee the performance and service life of sealed lead-acid batteries, which should follow the principles of matching charger, charging at the right time, controlling charging time and paying attention to the charging environment. Therefore, correct charging is the key to guarantee the performance and service life of sealed lead-acid battery, which should follow the principles of matching charger, charging at the right time, controlling charging time and paying attention to the charging environment. Correct charging method is crucial to prolong the life of sealed lead-acid battery and maintain good performance. By following the above guiding steps and precautions, users can ensure their batteries work efficiently and safely.